The colors are probably one group of words that you will use most frequently when speaking Spanish. Colors are everywhere. You will be surprised by how often knowing Spanish colors help from clothes to food to art to many other topics. Knowing the name of colors is essential to pointing out objects and even talking about your likes and dislikes.
To describe shades of color in Spanish knowing claro, oscuro, pálido, eléctrico, intenso and fuerte will be greatly beneficial.
Note that words that help identify shades of color are written opposite that in English. While in English, “light gray,” in Spanish, “gris claro.”
There are some simple rules to remember when using color in Spanish. The gender of the word, what article to use, is the word singular or plural, the order of the words.
The article and the adjective must match the noun
In the Spanish language, nouns are masculine or feminine. A noun is a word used to denote a person, place, thing, or idea. The colors gender changes to agree with the noun it describes. Changing the color gender is simple. All it takes is changing the last letter of the color. If the noun is masculine (ending with the letter o or e) or feminine (ending with the letter a), you must change the last letter of the color name to compliment the noun.
Carro amarillo — “yellow car” (the word carro is masculine) Casa amarilla — “yellow house” (the word casa is feminine)
In English, there is only one definite article, “the.” In Spanish, you must choose between four definite articles: el, la, los, and las. Which one you choose depends on the noun which follows. The definite articles in Spanish address two things the gender and if a word is singular or plural. El is masculine singular, Los is masculine plural, la is feminine singular. Las is feminine plural.
El carro amarillo — “The yellow car” (the word carro is masculine – the article and the adjective must match the gender of the noun) La casa amarilla — “The yellow house” (the word casa is feminine – the article and the adjective must match the gender of the noun)
Word order in a phrase
I’m sure by now you have noticed that in Spanish, unlike in English, adjectives, including color words, are used after the nouns they modify and not before them.
El carro amarillo es bonito – “The yellow car is pretty. La casa amarilla es bonita – “The yellow house is pretty.”
Color words are great to express yourself in Spanish. You will learn a few colors: black, blue, brown, green, orange, purple, red, white, yellow, gray, gold, and silver in the video. Practice makes perfect. Watch the video a few times till you feel confident with the Spanish colors, and you will be the master of colors in no time.